A web server is a program that uses HTTP to serve files (web pages) to the users in the response of a search query or the search request done by users, sent by the HTTP clients from their respective computers.
Furthermore, a web server can even deliver an XML document to another device. In other words, a web server responds to HTTP requests done by the users via their search engines.
For example, you are working on a computer, using a search engine u browse a web page. You type the search query, press enter. Suppose, you enter “ultimate guide on web servers”.
Now you get many results, all those results are web pages. You click on one result and browse the page.
The page you are searching for via your search requests immediately appears on your computer screen. A web server never ever disconnects itself from the internet. Each web server is known for its unique address between 0 and 255.
Yes, it is similar to the IP address! Website hosting providers like 2GbHosting manages multiple domains on a single server. Clients and customers of hosting providers receive space on a server or cluster of servers to create their online presence on the internet.
There are different types of servers. And today, in this article, you will learn about the top servers. Let’s start with -
Apache Web Server
Apache internet server developed by Apache Software Foundation is one of the most popular and famous internet servers which use open-source software. Apache helps nearly all running operating systems including Linux, Windows, Unix FreeBSD, Mac OS X, etc.
Today, 60% of electronic devices, internet-enabled machines use Apache Web Server. You can effortlessly personalize Apache's server because of its modular structure. Because it is open-source, your very own modules may be introduced to the server at the time you need to make changes to fit your requirements.
It is fairly strong in comparison to different web servers and the executive problems on it may be resolved effortlessly. It is viable to put in Apache on a couple of systems successfully.
The Apache’s modern-day variations provide you the ability to deal with extra HTTP requests while as in comparison to its in advance variations.
Nginx Web Server
After Apache, the Nginx web server is another open-source server that has IMAP/POP3 proxy server featuring high performance, stability, simple configuration, and low resource usage.
While using Nginx, you need no threads to address the requests. Instead, a scalable architecture using a small and predictable quantity of reminiscence beneath the server load is utilized.
It is turning out to be a very famous webserver because it hosts 7.5% of all of the world domain names. Also, many websites hosting providers and corporations have started using this server.
LiteSpeed Web Server
LiteSpeed (LSWS) is an alternative to the Apache Web Server. LWS is a famous industrial internet server.
When you improve your web server to LiteSpeed, you may enjoy a progressive overall performance in less time and cost. This web server has common features and capabilities such as .htaccess, mod_rewrite, and mod_security.
It can load Apache configuration documents at once and work as its alternative in almost every hosting control panel. It can update the Apache inside 15 mins with zero downtime.
LSWS replaces all of the Apache capabilities which proxy server solutions can’t do. Also, it simplifies the use of a server and makes it easy.
Apache Tomcat is an open-source Java servlet featured internet server. Java servlet is a Java software whose job is to expand the skills of a server. Java Servlets can reply to any kind of request; however, they enforce programs that are hosted on web servers.
These servlets are equivalent to other dynamic web content technologies like PHP and ASP.NET. They both are server-side programming languages.
In 1999, the Sun Microsystems gave Apace Tomcat’s codebase to the Apache Software Foundation that became a top-level Apache venture in 2005. Apache Tomcat has Apache License version 2 used normally to run Java programs.
But, it may be prolonged with Coyote, in order that it may additionally carry out the position of an ordinary net server that serves neighborhood documents as HTTP documents.
Like Apace Tomcat, there are many other Java software servers like Wildfly, JBoss, and Glassfish.
The Node.js web server project is under the Node.js Foundation and is assisted by the Linux Foundation’s Collaborative Projects (LFCP) program.
Node.js differs from many other web servers due to the fact that it provides a cross-platform runtime environment to create network applications.
IIS Web Server
IIS server is a Microsoft product that gives all of the capabilities inclusive of Apache, LSWS, and Nginx. Since it’s now no longer open-source, including non-public modules in it is quite a difficult task. It helps all of the device platforms that run on Windows OS and gives good customer support.
While these servers top the web servers, there are more types of servers such as:
- Mail Server that stores and share several documents in the form of emails
- Application Server whose main job is to help in creating, supporting, maintaining, and running different applications and APIs.
- File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Server works the same as an HTTP server; however, it is said to be more encrypted.
- Database Server gives space to database services for front-end and back-end. The DNS server also works in the same way to host a network.
All these are the web servers which are currently used by the web hosting companies and service providers. Which server did you like the most? And Why?
Don’t forget to mention your server and its usage in the comment section below. Also, if you want to purchase new servers, then contact us!